B.Ed. stands for an undergraduate academic course known as Bachelor of Education. Earlier it was known as Bachelor of Training (BT). It is a course offered for those who are interested in pursuing career in teaching and related fields. Also referred as ‘Bachelor in Education’ or in some universities as ‘SikshaShastri’, its duration generally lasts 2 years. Bachelor of Education Course can also be pursued through Correspondence or Distance Learning which is generally of 2 Years duration. While students from Arts Stream are trained to teach subjects like History, Civics, Geography and Languages. The students from Science Stream are trained to teach Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The B.Ed. degree course is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools. National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates courses in teaching in India. The B.Ed. degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools.
Subjects or Topics studied in B.Ed.
Education, Culture and Human Values
Educational Evaluation and Assessment
Guidance and Counselling
Philosophy of Education
The minimum qualification required for entry into B.Ed. course is Bachelor of Arts (B.A), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.) form a recognised board/university with at least 50% marks.
Students need to appear in an entrance test conducted by the various states and Independent educational bodies and universities for admission in various teaching institutions attached with it according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam.
These exams are generally held in the month of June-July and consist of Objective type questions about English, General Knowledge, Aptitude, Basic Arithmetic Teaching Potential and one local language in some states. The results of these exams are generally out by July/Aug. Candidates go through practical training courses, apart from theory classes. Know more about B.Ed. Entrance Test
Syllabus of Bachelor of Education as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.
Subjects of Study
Paper-I Philosophical and Sociological Basis of Education
Paper-II The Learner – Nature and Development
Paper-III Teaching–Learning Process
Paper-IV (PART-A) School Management
(PART-B) Computer Education
Paper-V (PART-A) Guidance and Counselling-
(PART-B) Any One of the following options:(i) School Library Services
(ii) Comparative Education
(iii) Adult and Continuing Education
(iv) Health and Physical Education
(v) Education of Children with special needs
(vi) Population Education
(vii) Distance Education and Open Learning
(viii) Environmental Education
(xi) Yoga Education
(x) Value Education
(xi) Educational Technology
(xii) Elementary Education
(xiii) Women Education & Indian Society
(xiv) Co-Curricular Activities in Schools
(xv) E-Education Resource Development
1.2 PAPERS-VI & VII: Methodology of Teaching of any two of the following:
Teaching of English
Teaching of Life Science
Teaching of Hindi
Teaching of Physical Science
Teaching of Punjabi
Teaching of Home Science
Teaching of Sanskrit
Teaching of Fine Arts
Teaching of History
Teaching of Music
Teaching of Geography
Teaching of Physical Education
Teaching of Economics
Teaching of Agriculture
Teaching of Social Studies
Teaching of Computer Education
Teaching of Commerce
Teaching of Political Science
Teaching of Mathematics
Teaching of Public Administration
Teaching of Science
Teaching of Sociology
(a) B.Ed. course (through Correspondence) is spread over two years, wherein Theory Papers I, II, III, IV (a & b) and Practical Components II & III shall be covered in B.Ed. Part-I; and
(b) Theory Papers V (a & b), VI and VII and Practical Components I & IV shall be covered in B.Ed. Part-II.
A. There shall be four components of practical work. The distribution of the practical work shall be as under:
School Experience Programme
200 (For two teaching subjects)
Simple Expressional Competencies
Health & Sports Programme
A. Work Experience Programme
B. Co-curricular, Culture & Community Activities
How is B.Ed. Course Beneficial?
B.Ed. course makes an individual, skilled in efficient teaching of subjects based on accepted principles of learning and teaching.
It develops our skills and widens our understanding so that we can impart quality education to our students.
Teaching provides job satisfaction, job security, high earnings and flexible schedule.
After B.Ed., students can pursue Master in Education (M.Ed.) in Indian universities.